The Satsuma mandarin may have originated in China but is was first reported in Japan more than 700 years ago. The first recorded introduction into the United States was in Florida by George R. Hall in 1876. Around 1878 they were introduced into the Louisiana citrus industry, where they were preferred for their sweetness and their cold hardiness. The name "Satsuma" is credited to the wife of a U.S. Minister to Japan, General Van Valkenburg, who sent trees home in 1878 from Satsuma, the name of a former province, now Kagoshima Prefecture, on the southern tip of Kyushu Island.
A Satsuma is described as a small, sweet, easy to peel, seedless citrus. There are many different cultivars out there, but only a few widely popular ones; they are Owari, Brown Select, and Louisiana Early. The Louisiana Early Satsuma ripens the earliest (September into October) with a spreading growth habit and medium to large fruit. Brown's select Satsuma has medium fruit with open spreading growth habit. They ripen in after Louisiana Early in October. Owari is the most popular planted variety in Louisiana. It has small to medium fruit on an almost weeping habit tree. The fruit ripens in November.
Planting your Satsuma in full sun with great drainage will help keep it healthy. They will grow 10-15 feet tall and wide, with the majority of pruning done on young trees to establish proper structure. You can plant these any time of the year, with the best time in the fall or winter.